As soon as the motorcar became common, the pedestrian scale of the railroad neighbourhoods disappeared, and with it, most of its individuality and charm. The suburb ceased to be a neighbourhood unit: it became a suffused low density mass. But the motorcar had done something more than destroy the pedestrian scale, it either doubled the number of cars needed per family, or it turned the suburban wife into a full time chauffeur.
Lewis Mumford, urban historian
The City in History, 1961

Finding or Building a Pocket Neighborhood: Planning Officials

Innovative Codes for Your Planning Toolbox

Since 1995, cities and towns across America have been including Cottage Housing Ordinances in their zoning codes. These innovative codes provide incentives to land owners and developers to build smaller, community-oriented homes on infill sites. Having them in your planning toolbox will encourage housing diversity and affordability, and help to preserve the scale and character of existing neighborhoods.

To learn more about these codes, click through to the following links:

Municipal Research and Services Center

City of Langley, WA, code: Chapter 18.22.180  http://www.codepublishing.com/WA/Langley/

Pocket Neighborhood website / Pocket Neighborhood Codes

Model Code for Larger Sites

Cottage Housing codes work well on infill sites less than one acre in size and for smaller household sizes. For larger sites and a wider variety of household types, Ross Chapin Architects has written a model Pocket Neighborhood Community Development Code. This code primarily uses Pocket Neighborhood Clusters to encourage a stronger sense of community and security among nearby neighbors, while also preserving personal privacy. Secondary configurations in the code are street-oriented porch-fronted dwellings with rear-access lane parking.

Planning for Livable Communities

Pocket Neighborhoods are best when nested within a larger, walkable community. These are some of the organizations we’re following to stay up on these leading trends:

Congress for the New Urbanism

Placemakers blog

Walkable and Livable Communities Institute

Pocket Neighborhood Codes

Missing Middle

Strong Towns